OTseeker - Occupational Therapy Systematic Evaluation of Evidence

Intervention category

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To help you conduct accurate searches we have provided some further information about topics included under each heading:

Heading Description
Assistive technology / adaptive equipment Item, piece of equipment, or product system used to maintain or improve a client’s functional ability (eg computer, environmental control unit, wheelchair, seating and basic self-care equipment).
Basic activities of daily living Interventions designed to improve or enable self-maintenance such as showering, dressing, toileting, and eating. Also known as personal or primary activities of daily living.
Behavioural interventions Interventions designed to modify behaviour. Strategies for children and adults are included.
Carers Interventions designed, for example, to improve the performance, function or quality of life of informal or formal carers. Includes support groups, education and training.
Case management A service model referring to the assignment of a healthcare provider to coordinate and provide individualised service delivery.
Cognition Interventions designed to improve or optimise cognitive skills, including memory, orientation, attention, reasoning and problem solving. Includes cognitive development, remediation of cognitive skills, and compensatory strategies such as diary use.
Community living skills Interventions designed to improve or enable the performance of community living skills such as shopping, banking, budgeting, use of public transport or driving.
Complementary therapies Includes therapies such as aromatherapy, horticultural therapy, and pet therapy.
Consumer education Educational interventions for clients, their carers, family or parents intended, to enhance, for example, skills and knowledge, or to change behaviour and attitudes.
Counselling Interventions that use interpersonal relationships to provide support and enable people to resolve crises, increase their ability to solve problems and make decisions.
Creative therapies Interventions using creative modalities such as music, dance therapy, art, and craft.
Developmental therapy Interventions designed to facilitate development for children and adults. Includes neurodevelopmental therapy, sensory integration and vestibular stimulation.
Ergonomics Interventions designed to improve the fit between the person and task at work or home. Also referred to as human factors, or human engineering.
Exercise/ Strength training Interventions designed to improve or maintain general health and fitness, such as strength training, therapeutic exercise, and aerobic and fitness training.
Hand therapy Includes all aspects of hand therapy intervention such as splinting, passive and active exercises, and mobilisation.
Health promotion / risk assessment Interventions aimed at promoting health or preventing illness/disability.
Home modification / access Interventions designed to enhance performance, minimise or prevent risks and hazards, or improve mobility in the home, property, workplace, or health facility. Includes, for example, ramps, rails, and stair-climbers.
Instrumental activities of daily living Interventions designed to optimise performance in activities in and around the home such as cleaning, laundry, and meal preparation. Also known as extended or secondary activities of daily living.
Leisure / recreation Intervention designed to improve the performance, uptake or participation in hobbies, leisure or recreational activities. Also refers to the therapeutic use of these activities.
Movement training Interventions designed to elicit or improve motor control. Includes motor relearning, constraint induced movement therapy, and facilitation techniques such as PNF, Brunnstrom, Bobath, and functional electrical stimulation (FES).
Perception Interventions designed to develop or remediate a person’s perceptual skills (that is, the ability to recognise and interpret sensory stimuli).
Physical modalities / orthotics / splinting Interventions using physical modalities such as splinting, casting, orthotics, pressure garments, compression bandaging, scar management techniques, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), functional electrical stimulation (FES), EMG, hydrotherapy, and biofeedback.
Positioning Refers to the positioning of a person or a part of his or her body for therapeutic purposes.
Play Therapeutic use of play or interventions designed to develop play skills.
Psychosocial techniques Psychosocial interventions such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), anger management, group discussion, social skills training, and relaxation training.
Purposeful activity Evaluation of the effectiveness of purposeful activity as a motivating therapeutic medium, as opposed to non-purposeful activity. Purposeful activities include those that have an inherent goal and are relevant and meaningful to the person, beyond the function required to carry out the activity.
Relaxation / stress management Interventions designed to reduce anxiety, muscular tension, and stress. Includes all forms of relaxation and stress management techniques such as muscular relaxation, and the use mental strategies (e.g. imagery).
Sensation Interventions such as sensory retraining, desensitisation, sensory integrative therapy and the utilisation of sensory modalities.
Service delivery Evaluation of methods and models of service delivery for example, individual vs. groups, hospital vs. community care, peer-led programs, and length of interventions.
Skill acquisition / training Interventions designed to help a person develop new skill/s, relearn or refine skill/s.
Social skills Interventions designed to enhance social skills. Includes interventions such as assertiveness training, anger management, and conflict resolution.
Soft tissue therapy Interventions designed to prevent, reverse or reduce contractures, pain or stiffness. Includes interventions such as prolonged muscle stretching, massage, and myofascial techniques.
Vocational retraining / work Interventions designed to improve work potential or performance. Includes vocational retraining, occupational rehabilitation, workplace/industrial issues, volunteering, and occupational health and safety training and education.
Other Interventions that do not belong to any of the above categories.